Nurturing Tomorrow’s Minds: What primary schools need to know about AI

Discover how primary schools can play a key role in shaping the next generation's understanding of AI, preparing them for success in an increasingly digital world.
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In an era marked by rapid technological advancements, it’s crucial for schools to equip their pupils with the knowledge and skills necessary to thrive in the digital age. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one such area that has the potential to shape the future. Primary schools can play a pivotal role in laying the foundation for children’s understanding of AI. This blog aims to shed light on what primary schools need to know about AI and how they can integrate this knowledge into their curriculum.

So what is AI really?

Before delving into the specifics, it’s essential for educators to grasp the basics of AI themselves. AI refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think and learn. It encompasses a wide range of technologies, from voice-activated virtual assistants to sophisticated algorithms powering recommendation systems.

Bringing AI into the Classroom

Consider the following ways you can reimagine the curriculum, equipping pupils with the knowledge, skills and understanding to flourish in an AI-driven future.

  • Teaching the concept in an accessible way

To make AI concepts accessible to young minds, it’s crucial to use age-appropriate language and examples. Begin with simple explanations, such as comparing AI to a helpful friendly robot or a smart computer that learns from experiences. Encourage curiosity by posing questions like, “What if your toys could talk to each other and decide what game to play?”

  • Integrating AI into everyday learning

AI can be seamlessly integrated into various subjects, making learning a dynamic and engaging experience. For instance, in mathematics, students can explore how algorithms solve problems, while in science, they can understand how AI assists in space exploration. Additionally, AI can be woven into creative subjects like art and music, showing students how machines can generate unique outputs.

  • Teaching ethical considerations

Beyond the technical aspects, it’s vital to instil a sense of ethics when teaching AI to young learners. Emphasise the importance of responsible use and ethical considerations, such as privacy and bias. Encourage critical thinking by discussing scenarios where AI can be beneficial but also where it might raise ethical concerns.

  • Hands-on learning

To solidify their understanding, provide students with hands-on learning experiences. Incorporate coding activities using child-friendly platforms, allowing them to create simple algorithms. Utilise educational AI tools designed for primary school pupils that foster creativity and problem-solving skills.

  • Collaboration and teamwork

AI is not just about machines; it’s about collaboration. Encourage teamwork and group activities that involve problem-solving using AI concepts. This not only enhances children’s social skills but also mirrors the collaborative nature of AI development in the real world.

  • Professional development for educators

To effectively impart AI knowledge, it’s crucial for educators to stay updated on the latest developments. Provide professional development opportunities, workshops, and resources that empower teachers to integrate AI concepts into their teaching methods.


Primary schools have an exciting opportunity to shape the next generation’s understanding of AI. By embracing the basics, fostering curiosity, integrating AI into everyday learning, teaching ethical considerations, providing hands-on experiences, and promoting collaboration, educators can prepare pupils for a future where AI is an integral part of their lives. In doing so, we pave the way for a generation that not only uses AI but understands, shapes, and innovates with it.

For more information, DfE guidance on the use of AI in education be found here.

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